immune


immune
immune
is followed by to or from. When the reference is to disease or some other form of harm or danger, to is more usual, and when from is used it is more often in the context of legal liabilities, but these distinctions are far from clear-cut and both constructions are found regardless of context, with to somewhat more common than from: (to)

• Each country will be concerned to maintain the invulnerability of its submarine-based strategic missiles, which are essentially immune to attack from land-based weapons —Scientific American, 1972

• A situation could arise where harmful bacteria, having become immune to disinfectants, survive to cause illness which cannot be treated by antibiotics —R. North, 1985

• Anywhere that remains immune to fashion is to be lauded —Times, 2004

• (from) Those who have a commitment to the Christian faith are not thereby immune from depression —M. Batchelor, 1988

• The laws affecting the common land were supervised by Down Drivers, themselves not immune from prosecution —M. Lister, 1988

• Real diamonds have a quite distinctive, soapy texture to the surface and are immune from water —Frederick Forsyth, 1989

• Royal grants may also explain why some churches…enjoyed unusually extensive rights of sanctuary which developed into privileged zones immune from secular authority —W. Davies, 2003.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Immune — Im*mune , a. [L. immunis. See {Immunity}.] 1. Exempt; protected. {Im*mu nize}, v. t. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) Protected from disease due to the action of the immune system, especially by having been inoculated against or previously exposed to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • immune — im·mune /i myün/ adj: having immunity: exempt Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. immune …   Law dictionary

  • Immune — Im*mune , n. One who is immune; esp., a person who is immune from a disease by reason of previous affection with the disease or inoculation. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • immune — ► ADJECTIVE 1) resistant to a particular infection owing to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells. 2) relating to such resistance: the immune system. 3) exempt from an obligation or penalty. 4) (often immune to) not… …   English terms dictionary

  • immune — [i myo͞on′] adj. [ME immuin < L immunis, free from public service, exempt < in , without + munia, duties, functions < IE * moini : see COMMON] 1. protected against something disagreeable or harmful 2. not susceptible to some specified… …   English World dictionary

  • immune — (adj.) mid 15c., free; exempt, back formation from IMMUNITY (Cf. immunity). Cf. L. immunis exempt from public service, free from taxes. Specific modern medical sense of exempt from a disease (typically because of inoculation) is from 1881. Immune …   Etymology dictionary

  • immune — agg. [dal lat. immunis, der. di munus obbligo, servizio, imposta, ecc. , col pref. in in 2 ]. 1. [che non è soggetto a determinati obblighi o servizi, con la prep. da : i. da gravami fiscali ] ▶◀ dispensato, esente, esonerato, franco (di), libero …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • immune — [adj] invulnerable allowed, clear, exempt, favored, free, hardened to, insusceptible, irresponsible, licensed, not affected, not liable, not subject, privileged, protected, resistant, safe, unaffected, unanswerable, unliable, unsusceptible;… …   New thesaurus

  • immune — Immune, et exempt, Immunis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • immune — 01. Scientists do not yet understand why a small number of people seem to be [immune] to the AIDS virus. 02. Growing up in that country, the children developed a natural [immunity] to germs in the water that make visitors ill. 03. Hopefully,… …   Grammatical examples in English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.